Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford, better known as Lord North from 1752 to 1790, was the 12th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1770 to 1782. He led the United Kingdom for the majority of the American War of Independence. He was also Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer during his tenure in the cabinet.
Founded in 1773 , by Joseph & William Wickwar , Wickwar started as a luxury paper mill outside Newbury . In 1786 HMSO was founded and Joseph Wickwar won the contract to supply paper to Parliament .
In 1788 Joseph partnered with Joseph Bramah to produce luxury Despatch boxes for Royalty & Government and went on to produce in excess of 5,000 boxes and became the premier supplier of the Iconic red box .
The simple design of the famous Gladstone Box continues today & Wickwar manufacturers around 100 boxes per year using traditional skills & tools from its workshop in London .